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Jazz Chords, Arpeggios, and Enclosures

Gabriel Perez

Campfire Attention Holder
  • Nov 11, 2019
    Salt Lake City, UT
    So I’m doing some private jazz guitar lessons and for my jury I’ve been learning All of Me since it’s a fairly simple progression, simple melody but introduces me to different ways to go about solos that isn’t just staying in the pentatonic. I have been doing some diving into each chord and how they relate to the next. But I am really having trouble doing enclosures to land solidly on a target note. Are there any good exercises that I should do that might help?

    Ids Schiere

    Sold-out Crowd Surfer
    Nov 11, 2019
    Basically solidly landing it really helps to know which notes make up the chords. The best practice really is improvising over backing tracks. Arpeggios really work wel for this too.
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    Brian Haner Sr.

    Staff member
    Nov 11, 2019
    It's all about arpeggios. On "All Of Me" (Key of C) Play a C arp going up, then an E7 arp going down, then an A7 arp going up, them a Dm arp going down, etc. Then reverse; C going down, E7 going up, etc. THEN do it in a different position. These are ALL "target" or "landing" notes.
    OK - now instead of just running arps, start picking notes from those arps; C note to G note back to C note over C chord, then B note to G# note back to B note over E7, then A note to E note back to A note over A7 chord, etc.
    Then start adding notes out of the arp; D, B, C over the C Chord, etc.
    Eventually you'll also want to add chromatic (linking notes) to your solo. C over the C chord, then just before the E7 chord a C# (passing tone), then a D B G# over the E7 chord.
    A good solo combines lots of different techniques. Stay in one spot over a couple of chords, then run a full arpeggio over the next chord. Enclosure over the next chord, etc. Link chords with chromatic notes. Mix it up.
    Jazz requires you really KNOW the chords and arpeggios. It's a long process.
    The very best advice I can give you is to listen to players who play what you want to play. This will condition your ear to different harmony, rhythm, etc.
    Hope this helps!